[77] The Labor Opposition criticised this as a "blank cheque". This was to make a stand against the desecration of their traditional land and the lack of their consent for the project. The original plan was to build a 60Mt-a-year mega-mine, which would have made it one of the largest in the world. Environmentalists have been challenging the mine’s construction, in an attempt to stop more fossil fuels adding to Australia’s already high emissions. While Australia's mineable black coals range from Permian to Jurassic in age (280 to 150 million years old), most of Australia's black coal resources are of Permian age. [38], The news raised criticism due to the lack of transparency in the process, the councils' decision to invest in infrastructure outside its jurisdictions and the ownership of the new asset, which despite councils' financing may not be public. The case involved three main contentions:[101], The Federal Court set aside the approval on the latter ground. Yancoal Australia Limited is one of Australia’s largest and leading coal miners. [61] In August 2017 the remaining bank Australia and New Zealand Banking Group distanced itself from Adani and announced a strategic shift away from coal. [88], In April 2019 Bob Brown led a convoy of vehicles to protest against the proposed coal mine. [96] The plan was heavily criticised by ecologists, who highlighted the plan to graze cattle on protected land and noted the land was tagged to be used for other projects. It could be one of the biggest coal mines in the country once production begins, but it has so far been surrounded by controversy. [40][41] Following the project delays, the proposed airstrip has been shelved with the budgeted money allocated to other shovel-ready projects. Plans for the project, known as the Carmichael mine, were first proposed almost a decade ago. [23], In July 2019 Adani Australia commenced construction of the Carmichael Mine after receiving final approvals. Over the past 25 years, the mine has produced approximately 800,000 ounces of gold each year, and was the biggest gold producer in Australia until Boddington took over in 2012. [32][33] Authorities suggested the line be financed by the Northern Australia Infrastructure Facility (NAIF),[34] though the Queensland provincial government rejected a funding request in November 2017. This is the biggest open pit mine and is the largest gold producer in Australia. It is the eighth-largest gold mine in the world, and had recoverable coal reserves of 591Mt in 2019. Australia needs to shut more than half of its coal-fired power stations by 2030 to have a hope of working towards the 1.5-degree goal outlined by the IPCC last year. That the Minister failed to consider Adani's poor record of environmental management in India, including building without approvals and illegally clearing mangroves, That the Minister did not consider "approved conservation advice" for two. [35] In September 2018, Adani announced that it had abandoned plans to build the standard gauge line in favor of constructing a 200 kilometres (120 mi) 1,067mm line to a connection with existing narrow-gauge trackage. In 2016, Australia was the biggest net exporter of … By tons sold the largest coal mine in Australia is Loy Yang - a brown coal mine in Victoria, which in the year to the end of June 2019 produced over 30 million tons of coal fed to the Loy Yang power plants. [69] Most of the coal from the mine would be purchased by Adani in India. [75] The Newman Queensland Government initially claimed it would not support the Carmichael project, but in 2014 it proposed a "royalty holiday" or reduced royalty rates,[76] as well as proposing to "co-invest" in infrastructure. [22], By mid August 2015, Adani had ceased commercial relationships with a number of engineering contractors and banks. The coal industry in Australia is clearly approaching terminal decline. [16] 190 conditions were set by the state during both construction and operations phases of the mine with particular attention paid to groundwater and water bores which may be potentially affected. Coast and Country, represented by Environmental Defenders Office Queensland, brought a case to the Queensland Land Court. Australia's principal black coal producing basins are the Bowen (Queensland) and Sydney (New South Wales) Basins. The Blackwater mine (28,135 tonnes) was second, with another Moranbah mine – Goonyella Riverside – third with 22,336 tonnes. [63], Analysts have doubt the mine is viable given seaborne (imported) thermal coal prices and market trends. [86] This includes gases produced during the mining process and from emissions created from the mining and transportation of the coal. Government Ministers criticised the group bringing this case under federal environment law, calling them "vigilante litigants" engaged in economic "sabotage". Juukan Gorge inquiry asks Western Australia miners to suspend projects linked to heritage sites, Australia’s IGO to buy minority stake in Greenbushes lithium mine, Opec agreement to tentatively raise oil output fails to mask group divisions. [60] In April 2017, Westpac announced it would not fund the project. [91] The mine will also use groundwater that flows to the surface during the process of "dewatering" the open cut pits and underground mines. Black Thunder coal mine, US; Peak Downs coal mine, Australia; Mt Arthur coal mine, Australia; Goonyella Riverside coal mine, Australia; Saraji coal mine, Australia; 1. [59] In September 2015, National Australia Bank announced it would not fund the project. More than 20 coal seams are mined at Mt Arthur, where thermal coal is produced for energy-related customers in the area and internationally. Australia's coal export destinations have evolved over the past decade as market demand has shifted. Moray Downs, which is covered by the mine site, is home to the largest known community of black throated finches[94] The finches' population is in decline, and the southern subspecies is threatened, having vanished from 80% of its former range. The mine produced 17.1Mt of coking coal in the year ending 30 June 2019, compared with 15.8Mt of coal the previous year — with plans now in place to implement autonomous haulage at the site. [118], In June 2019 the government acknowledged that they had acted incorrectly in failing to properly consider the thousands of public submissions it received, and conceded the case, but did not address the question of whether it failed to correctly apply the water trigger. The largest black coal resources occur mainly in Queensland and New South Wales. That the Minister unlawfully excluded consideration of greenhouse gas emissions to emissions directly associated with the operation of the mine. [13] Since then proposal has gone through many changes. [8] The project has faced multiple legal challenges including from the Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF), which has a legal challenge to the approval given to Adani by the federal Environment Minister relating to water. All the vehicles will be capable of automation. Initially, Adani said it would be one of the biggest in the world and employ 10,000 people. Due to this change if you are seeing this message for the first time please make sure you reset your password using the Forgot your password Link. It has been owned and operated by Australia’s biggest coal producer and exporter BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA), a joint venture between BHP Billiton and Mitsubishi since 2001. Adani spokespeople said statements from banks they have not approached have "no bearing" on the project. According to the Supplementary Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) submitted by Adani, "maximum impacts in excess of 300m are predicted" for the local water table. [119], On 16 March 2020, the ACF once again lodged papers in court to take action against the government. ", "Court challenge launched over minister's 'flawed' decision on Adani water trigger", "Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Amendment (Independent Expert Scientific Committee on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining Development) Act 2012", "Adani coal mine water licence faces Federal Court challenge over move to bypass EIS", "Farmers say water trigger amendment gives confidence", "ACF challenges Morrison Government decision to not apply water trigger to Adani pipeline", "Morrison government faces legal challenge over Adani pipeline plan", "18 August 2015—Government acts to protect jobs from vigilante litigants", "Abbott Tells Business: Forget Talk, Time to Act on Trade Pact and Adani", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carmichael_coal_mine&oldid=993094924, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from November 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Use Australian English from September 2015, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Despite reports Federal Court "overturned" the approval,[104] the decision occurred by consent order signed by the Department of Environment and Adani. The Minister did not consider the much larger emissions associated with burning the coal from the mine. [17], Exporting coal from the Carmichael mines requires new terminals and seabed dredging at the Abbot Point coal port. [100] The Group was represented by the Environmental Defenders Office of NSW. [70], In November 2018, Adani Australia announced the project would be 100% financed by Adani Group resources, with no government funding required. The Peak Downs coal mine is located in the Bowen Basin of central Queensland and is currently the country’s biggest coal mine by recoverable reserves. In 2016 the Wangan and Jagalingou people voted 294 to 1 in favour of a Indigenous Land Use Agreement with Adani. [68], In 2015, LG announced it will not proceed with a contract to buy coal from the mine. In November 2013 Morgan Stanley valued the mine at $0 and said "the company does not plan to spend money on developing the mine until coal prices rise from current levels". [81], The 2015–16 Federal Budget outlined the $5 billion Northern Australia Infrastructure Facility "to provide large concessional loans for the construction of ports, pipelines, electricity and water infrastructure that will open our northern frontier for business. We have recently upgraded our technology platform. Australia’s largest coal mine The most notable feature of the new project is its sheer scale. [46] Former Prime Minister Tony Abbott cited the 10,000 jobs figure as evidence "this mine is good for the country". [9] Greta Thunberg has drawn international attention to the mine. Australia's government has given its approval for one of the world's biggest coal mines to be built by India's Adani Mining in Queensland. [47] In Queensland's Land Court, Adani's expert witness, economist Jerome Fahrer from ACIL Allen consulting, rejected the 10,000 figure, saying the project would create less than 1,500 jobs. The three largest uranium mines in the country are Olympic Dam, Ranger Uranium Mine and Beverley Uranium Mine. [11].mw-parser-output .toclimit-2 .toclevel-1 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-3 .toclevel-2 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-4 .toclevel-3 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-5 .toclevel-4 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-6 .toclevel-5 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-7 .toclevel-6 ul{display:none}, The mining lease mostly covers the Moray Downs cattle station. [71], As of 2017[update] Australia's mining industry put "well over half a billion dollars into lobby groups that push coal and fossil fuels" .[72]. This includes more than half of the top 20 coal financing banks globally. Loy Yang mines a very thick seam of coal as can be seen in the image below. If built, Adani’s Carmichael mine will: Destroy the ancestral lands, waters and cultures of Indigenous people without their consent. [15], In May 2014, Queensland's Coordinator-General approved the project to proceed. This is because alternative supply will be sourced elsewhere to meet global demand if the mine is not approved. Are the days of combined cycle power plants numbered? Water is a highly contested resource in this long, oppressive drought, and the coal industry is one of Australia’s biggest water users. [15] The mine site covers an area of 44,700 hectares (110,456 acres), around 447 square kilometres (173 sq mi), and is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) long. [119][120], Substantial controversy about federal environmental law followed the 2015 Federal Court decision to set aside the Carmichael approval (agreed by consent orders signed by the government). The Saraji open-pit coal mine located in the Bowen Basin of Central Queensland is Australia’s fourth-biggest and the world’s tenth biggest coal mine by recoverable coal reserves. ", "Adani Mining CEO explains the $16.5B Carmichael coal mine", "Adani jobs explained: why there are new questions over Carmichael mine", "SBI to turn down Adani's $1 billion Australian loan request – sources", "SBI rejects report of scrapping $1 bn loan pact with Adani", "Eleven International Banks Rule Out Funding Adani's Coal Project", "Three French banks refuse to fund Adani project in Australia", "Standard Chartered backs off Adani coal mining project", "CommBank – Last bank standing on Adani? Although coal mines are largely on the decline as the world attempts to clean up its economy, Australia continues to place a heavy reliance on the industry. They contended: The Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF) made a judicial review challenge under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) which was dismissed in 2016, followed by an appeal to the Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia. These two states are also the largest coal producers. [95] Adani Australia produced a management plan for the finch, proposing to gradually clear land around the mine and force the finches to move away. [57], Large coal projects in Australia typically engage with one or more of the ‘big four’ Australian banks in arranging or providing debt. "During the 2015 Queensland election, the Labor Opposition promised not to fund the rail project linking the mine to the port. This led to considerable controversy. [6] The proposal includes a new 189-kilometre (117 mi) rail line to connect with the existing Goonyella railway line. This mine produces uranium, silver and copper and is considered as the largest resource of uranium in the world. [110] The Court ordered ACF to be part of the legal costs for Adani and the Minister. [35], In January 2020, in response to protests in Berlin by Extinction Rebellion, Siemens announced it would re-evaluate its $20m contract to supply signaling systems for the rail link,[36] but decided to continue with the contract saying there was "practically no legally and economically responsible way to unwind the contract without neglecting fiduciary duties. Beyond the mine boundary, Adani's groundwater model predicts water table levels to drop "typically between 20 and 50m" and "up to around 4m in the vicinity of the [Carmichael] river". Night work at the Carmichael Mine, September 2020. Activists insist the mine can still be stopped and continue to demonstrate against it. The Olive Downs coal project will be Queensland's third-largest coal mine. [3] Road access is made by the Gregory Developmental Road, an undeveloped section of the Gregory Highway. [73] Queensland Government budget papers show spending of $9.5 billion between 2008 and 2014 assisting the mining industry. [62], In 2015 environment groups have pursued campaigns to pressure banks to rule out funding the project. When we ramp up the mine, everything will be autonomous from mine to port. ", This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 19:27. It will argue will argue that "the government made an error of law in determining that the water trigger applies only to infrastructure that is directly involved with extracting coal", and further that "the pipeline is essential infrastructure to service the coal mine and it would not be built at all if not for Adani’s mine. [55] Banks ruling out funding include: Citigroup; JP Morgan Chase; Goldman Sachs; Deutsche Bank; Royal Bank of Scotland; HSBC; Barclays; BNP Paribas; Credit Agricole; Societe Generale; National Australia Bank. The largest gold mine outside of Western Australia, Evolution’s Cowal mine is located 350km west of Sydney, in New South Wales. The biggest reason for Australia to reconsider its tight relationship with coal is its Paris commitments. Japan remains Australia's largest destination for thermal coal exports, accounting for around 40 per cent in 2018, although its share has declined from around half of thermal coal … However there are other ways of considering bigness. ", "CommBank's climate fail | Market Forces", "National Australia Bank rules out funding Adani's Carmichael coal mine", "Westpac has ruled out lending to Adani's Carmichael coal mine after changing lending policies", "ANZ effectively rules out funding Adani's Carmichael coalmine", "Adani Enterprises Ltd – Hunkering Down; Waiting for Resolution on Adani Power", "Adani steps up Australia coal plans ahead of Modi visit", "Thermal Coal Markets – Opportunity for Japan? But I sure as hell am concerned they are protected. A Sneak Peek into Canada’s Largest Transit Expansion, Gas accumulation kills 23 people at Diaoshuidong coal mine in China, UK abandoned coal mines being developed as low-carbon energy source, Why the Godda coal power project is ‘misaligned’ with India’s energy strategy, Despite this, the project received the necessary approval from the Australian government last year, Australia’s biggest coal producer and exporter BHP, New York’s $226bn pension fund warns of oil and gas divestment as it greens its portfolio. Yet Australian governments and multinational companies plan to double our coal exports, at a time when the world is gearing up to reduce global emissions. In August 2015, Commonwealth Bank announced that its advisory contract with Adani had ended,[58] nonetheless have not ruled out funding Adani and are viewed as the most likely local backer. As of November 2019[update], the Adani Group is set to receive a seven-year royalty deferral worth $900m, and over $4.4 billion in total tax exemptions, deferrals and capital subsidies from Queensland taxpayers for the life of the Carmichael mine. Australia’s production is already 7.1% of world coal production. Here are the five biggest coal mines in Australia. [54], In 2015, a number of major international banks publicly ruled out financing the Carmichael Mine and Rail Project, or the Abbot Point Coal Terminal on which the Carmichael project depends. Coal is mined in every state of Australia. [1][2] The development was initially intended to represent an A$16.5 billion investment; however, Adani announced in 2018 that the mining operation would be downsized and self-funded to A$2bn.[3][4]. [50] In 2016, the CEO of Mine Operations, JJ Jakanaraj stated "We will be utilizing at least 45, 400-tonne driverless trucks. [45] The company took out a television advertisement during the 2015 Queensland election including this claim. For those who want to see the mine up close, the Super Pit is one of the only mines in the world that you can see with a tour. Big emitting companies should be … The Goonyella Riverside open-pit coal mine, located in the Bowen Basin, is Australia’s third-biggest mine. The country is home to four of the 10 largest coal mines in the world, with the US and China two of its main production rivals. [31] This 388 kilometres (241 mi) standard-gauge rail line would provide capacity of 100 million tonnes of coal per year, increasing access to the Galilee Basin. [65] Seaborne thermal coal prices (Newcastle benchmark) have dropped from highs of around US$140/t in 2012 to around US$60/t in 2015 due to increases in production and reduction in seaborne coal demand. There have been a number of legal challenges to the project. "[122] Radio broadcaster Alan Jones, on many issues a supporter of the Liberal Government, launched a TV ad, stating: "I may live nowhere near the Liverpool Plains or the Great Barrier Reef. [111][112], The Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF), represented by Environmental Defenders Office Queensland (EDO), lodged a judicial review challenge in the Federal Court of the Federal Environment Minister's decision to not apply appropriate legislation regarding water. This followed competition to host the expected 2,000 jobs derived from the project construction stage. The case was dismissed because the court found that the cause and effect was complicated, the lower court stating that it was "not possible for him [the Minister] to draw firm conclusions as to the likely contribution of Adani's action to a specific increase in global temperature" and that if the coal was stopped from the Carmichael Mine it would likely be substituted from somewhere else. [113] The review challenges then Environment Minister Melissa Price's decision to waive a full environmental assessment for a pipeline that will extract up to 12.5 billion litres of water a year from the Suttor River in central Queensland. In Australia coal deposits occur in all States and the Northern Territory and range from 15 million to 225 million years old. [79] After Labor's election victory, the new Queensland Treasurer confirmed the government will not fund the rail line, but did not rule out other forms of support such as a royalty holiday. ( Supplied: Pembroke Resources ) It will be exported to international markets in Japan and China. Some have encouraged customers to switch bank accounts and mortgages away from the large banks funding coal projects. Black coal consists of the higher rank anthracite, bituminous and sub-bituminous coals. [97] There was also a lack of transparency and consultation with experts in the field.[98]. The Mount Arthur (Mt Arthur) coal mine is located in the Hunter Valley region of New South Wales and began production in 1968. Deciding on the approval for the mine, The President of the Land Court of Queensland stated, "there will be no increase of greenhouse gas emissions if the Carmichael mine is approved. Adani has applied for a water licence to extract up to 12.5 GL per year from the Belyando River for use at the Carmichael mine. Adani Mining PTY LTD were the second respondents in the case. [29], The Carmichael River runs through the middle of the mine site. Rapid growth has made Australia one of the world’s biggest exporters. [56] Standard Chartered provided financing to the project, but Adani ended the bank's advisory contract. During the elections Modi promised to bring back black money stashed in Swiss banks within 100 days of coming into power. AAP April 1, 2015 9:40am. The Carmichael coal mine is 10 million-tonne per annum thermal coal mine in the north of the Galilee Basin in Central Queensland, Australia owned by Adani Mining. [121] Then Prime Minister Tony Abbott urged the business community to get behind these changes, saying "if the Adani mine does not go ahead soon, we are crazy. [20], In August 2015, the federal Department of Environment and Adani signed consent orders in the Federal Court to set aside approval of the Carmichael project. [16], In July 2014, federal Minister for Environment, Greg Hunt, approved the mine to proceed after 36 conditions were stipulated. Blackwater produced the most PM 2.5 particulates (2.5 micrometres or less in diameter) in Australia, with 480 tonnes, followed by Peak Downs (418 tonnes) and Saraji, near Dysart, with 403 tonnes. [85], According to the mine's environmental impact statement it will produce 200 million tonnes of carbon dioxide over the expected 60-year life of the mine. "[82][83] The website states "The Commonwealth will not lend to projects that are commercially viable without Government assistance. [121], As of 2015 the government was seeking to change the law to prevent 'third parties’ from bringing cases where they are not directly impacted by the proposal. [25], In August 2020 the traditional owners of the land on which the Adani Carmichael mine is being built, the Wangan and Jagalingou people blocked a road to the mine for 5 days. Its annual coal production is more than 18Mt and has an estimated reserve life of 35 years. The operational life was originally proposed for 150 years,[14] later reduced to 90 years and as of 2016 to 60 years. [33], Queensland freight rail operator Aurizon had separate plans to develop narrow-gauge rail lines in the Galilee Basin to serve what it described as "several" entities planning mines in the area, including Carmichael, but with no firm agreements close to complete it withdrew a loan request from the NAIF in February 2018. The open-pit mine was approved by the Queensland Government and the federal Australian governments. [12] The majority of the mine lies within the Isaac Region, with a small portion in the Charters Towers Region local government area. [108] ACF lost the appeal in 2017. Estimates for the number of jobs to be created at the mine have steadily diminished from a high of 10,000 to a low of 1000: In December 2014, the CEO of Adani Mining was quoted as saying the mine would create 10,000 jobs. On 11 January 2020 Thunberg called on the German company Siemens to stop the delivery of railway equipment for the mine,[10] but two days later Siemens said that it would continue to honour its contract with Adani. In our eyes, this is the mine of the future"[51], A June 2019 estimate stated the number of ongoing, operational jobs at the mine would be "between 800 and 1,500. [28] The mine will take a total of 297 billion litres of water from underground aquifers. The lower rank brown coal is sometimes known as lignite. Peak Downs is currently Australia’s biggest coal mine (Credit: Flickr/Beyond Coal & Gas Image Library) It has been owned and operated by Australia’s biggest coal producer and exporter BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA), a joint venture between BHP Billiton and Mitsubishi since 2001. [117] The water trigger was added to the EPBC Act in 2013, after being introduced by then Federal New England MP Tony Windsor. North Antelope Rochelle, US – 1.7 billion tonnes. From 2015 onward, the Queensland and Australian Governments have proposed various forms of assistance to the project despite the G20 commitment to phase out "inefficient" fossil fuel subsidies. The latest move by the Abbott government puts at risk not just our environment but our very democracy"[123], Proposed coal mine in Queensland, Australia. [43] He claimed the 4 billion tonnes of coal resource extracted over its lifetime would be worth $300 billion. [43] In court, Adani said the lifetime output of the mine would be 2.3 billion tonnes of coal.[44]. At 2016 Australia contained 29% of the world's defined uranium resources. [74] Queensland Treasury wrote in a submission to the Commonwealth Grants Commission: Governments face budget constraints and spending on mining-related infrastructure means less infrastructure spending in other areas, including social infrastructure such as hospitals and schools. "[52], In 2015, the Government-owned State Bank of India (SBI) signed a Memorandum of understanding with Adani that it will offer a $1 billion loan to the project, yet was widely reported that the Bank had withdrawn this offer. [18][19] as it was widely criticised as damaging the fragile coral and seagrass ecosystem. [80] in September 2015 Premier Palaszczuk said she was "absolutely committed" to the project going ahead and called for federal funding for the rail line. [49] In May 2015 a complaint was lodged with the Australian Securities Exchange alleging Adani was providing misleading information about the project. [17] It is required to return only 6% of this water in the first five years. Modi watching Australian Prime Minister shaking hands on Adani’s coal mine. [26], As of 2014[update] the mine planned to contain six open-cut pits and five underground mines. [109] Dr Justine Bell-James has criticised the market substitution defence as the "only significant barrier remaining to a successful climate change case". Australia is the world's biggest exporter of coal — and the third-largest exporter of fossil fuels, overall, Citi confirmed that by 2025, it will cut its credit exposure to coal-mining companies in half (Credit: Flickr/Beyond Coal & Gas Image Library). The site is owned and operated by BHP Billiton, with the mining operations consisting of two open-cut areas — the Northern Open Cut and the Southern Open Cut. Environmental Defenders Office Queensland, brought a case to the mine planned to contain six open-cut pits and underground! Largest untapped coal reserves coal port, Ranger uranium mine entire economy this article more!, known as the Carmichael coal mine Reef Marine Park area was scrapped, oppressive drought, and recoverable... For 99 years the fossil fuel globally last year but I sure as hell am they! 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S construction, in 2015 environment groups have pursued campaigns to pressure banks to out... Thick seam of coal per annum Carmichael mine, were first proposed almost a decade ago Reef groundwater. ] most of the coal from the large banks funding coal projects water... Water each year unlawfully excluded consideration of greenhouse gas emissions on the latter ground feature. Mine outside of Western Australia, Evolution’s Cowal mine is another major mine in world! Stopped and continue to demonstrate against it with South Korean construction company POSCO to develop the Galilee. 28,135 tonnes ) was second, with another Moranbah mine – Goonyella Riverside coal... The bank 's Chairman the Government outside of Western Australia, Evolution’s Cowal is. Proposed coal mine is good for the environment five underground mines are Olympic Dam situated in South.! An attempt to stop more fossil fuels adding to Australia’s already high emissions includes New! Government was considering using this fund to ensure the Carmichael rail line to connect with Australian! Election including this claim Moranbah mine – Goonyella Riverside open-pit coal mine mines requires terminals. Their consent which lasts for 99 years water from underground aquifers in early September 2014 the...