For example, writing guides usually say to use a comma after every introductory element—whether word, phrase or clause—to clarify where it ends and the rest of the sentence begins. Prepositional phrases are made up of a preposition, sometimes an article, and a noun or pronoun: down the stairs, in the house, along the path, at school, etc.If you have a short prepositional phrase at the beginning of the sentence, you really don’t need a comma. When to Use Commas After Introductory Prepositional Phrases. Other times, you’ll use the word “because” at the beginning of a sentence to begin an introductory clause. Improve your English language arts knowledge with free questions in "Commas with direct addresses and after introductory words" and thousands of other English language arts skills. To escape with our lives, we would have to run for the exits. Key cases where you’ll want to do this include: After longer introductory phrases (e.g. I am no native speaker and always confused about the comma in introductory phrases, in particular in prepositional phrases. I cannot start with "and I", so the whole sentence makes no sense. Knowing the dangers of selective quotation, I hoped Boris would go to the source. … When a word or phrase forms an introduction … Try reading the following sentences without their commas: When a sentence begins with an Absolute Phrase or an adverbial Infinitive Phrase, put a comma after it. If reading it your way why stopping with the wife? "After retiring my wife, my parents, the kids, and I plan to travel around the country." You can use other subordinating conjunctions this way as well—after, although, as, if, since, when, and while. 1. I personally would change your, "The fact that you can still have a meaningful sentence without the clause doesn't mean**,** you must always enclose it in commas - just that you. You should use commas after introductory clauses, a long prepositional phrases, distinct pauses, and when you need to form a good bit of separation. When an introductory prepositional phrase is very short (less than four words), the comma is usually optional. Advanced commas notes: 12/8/2020 Refer to sim le commas, FANBOYS notes, and AAAWWUBBIS for the basic comma rules you should already know before studying this!!!!! “If you have an introductory word (or two) that is being used as an adverb (usually answers the question of when, where, why, or to what degree), then no comma. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door.. Because her alarm clock was broken, she was late for class. On the flip side, no post-comma is attached when it acts as a general adverb premodifying a verb, adjective, or … Conversely, if you remove the comma after "wife" then it will become "after retiring my wife" what will happen? The child went to school is a word group which can stand alone as a sentence (independent clause).Therefore, there should be a comma before the word but. Why does "Modern Man" from "The Suburbs (2010)" have missing beats? Statistical analysis plan giving away some of my results, Reviewer 2. On the other hand, someone obviously was badly injured. the embers. If you have an introductory word (or two) that is being used as an adverb (usually answers the question of when, where, why, or to what degree), then no comma. Near the end of that link he covers cases where the "supplementary clause" appears at the beginning or end of a sentence (with a notional comma assumed before or after the clause). How can I get better at negotiating getting time off approved? An introductory participial phrase should be set off by a comma unless the sentence is inverted and the phrase immediately precedes the verb. If no meaningful sentence remains, you don’t need the comma. an appositive: A stumbling giggler, Lumpy was hardly prepared for the relay baton suddenly being thrust upon him. Use a Comma After an Introductory Word or Phrase. After his nap Figueroa felt better. I'm British, and agree unreservedly with every point she makes. Fortunately, no one in the bridal party was in that car. These introductory parts of the sentence require the use of a comma, but that is not always the case. The last rule about introductory words and commas is that you should put a comma after transitions when they come at the beginning of a sentence. Introductory adverbs need to be set off from the rest of the sentence with commas, UNLESS they are part of a part of a phrase, in which case the entire phrase gets a comma. details about the shooting. For short introductory phrases (fewer than four words), you can choose to add a comma or not. Commas after an Introductory Word or Phrase. By “introductory phrase,” we mean any group of words used to frame or modify a sentence that isn’t a complete clause. There is usually a comma after an introductory phrase. Put a comma after introductory words, phrases, and clauses. four words or more). - um, so? Their headpieces flapping wildly about their ears, the priestesses After his long nap in the backyard hammock, Figueroa felt better. I would get "after I retire my wife, my parents and the kids" then "and I plan to travel around the country with my parents and the kids". However, common guidelines for when to use a comma include: When an introductory phrase is … If I make a google search for certain phrases, I often find both variants. You can often use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence. If you have an introductory word (or two) that is being used as an adverb (usually answers the question of when, where, why, or to what degree), then no comma. It is primarily used to set off unnecessary phrases and introductory clauses and modifiers, delimit elements in a series, and for ease of reading. Grammarly’s writing assistant can help you make sure your punctuation, spelling, and grammar are tip-top on all your favorite websites. a prepositional phrase: After dinner, let's go to see a movie. While I got dressed, The radio was playing a great song. Until the spring course lists will not be published. [To go further we will need to raise more funds.]. When writing user stories, should there be a comma after “As a User”, and before “I want”? Your email address will not be published. A comma comes after every coordinating adjective except for the last adjective. … Finding integer with the most natural dividers. Introductory words, like introductory phrases, require a comma. When I first started learning about punctuation, I found out that you should always have commas after words such as "today," "sometimes," "yesterday," and so on.Today, I found a website that disagrees, it says: . [To be honest, I think that the Government has relaxed lockdown regulations too early.]. No comma needed after "retiring". (If the infinitive phrase is acting as a noun and is the subject of the sentence, be careful not to put a comma between the subject and its verb: "To believe in one's self is a good thing. What is this stake in my yard and can I remove it? A comma should be used after an introductory word to separate this word from the main sentence. Have Some M and N’s: More Confusing Words, A person’s name if you are talking to a person (known as. To use it properly, you need to use a comma after the introductory prepositional phrase to set it apart from the rest of the sentence if the phrase is longer than four words.