Their larvae are found all over Southern Africa in soft sand and they stay in funnel-shaped pits, used to catch their prey. They prefer to live in swampy areas with dense cover and are known for being successful grazers. These solitary buffalo bulls usually look like they have cement patches on their bodies from the mud. The only animal in the world that is completely covered in scales. They have three stomachs, and regularly swallow stones and pebbles. They do everything as a group (called a pride), except for the males who regularly patrol their territories to fend against other lions. They are monogamous, which means that they mate for life, and only hold one partner. They have tall legs that are often white in colour however, their legs are not white at all – the whiteness is due to them defecating on their own legs, which is known as urohydrosis. Elephants are highly social animals. The African elephant weighs up to 6,350kg (7 tons). I was not able to get African tales for all of the animals mentioned, however, for the little ones, there are a few books published on African tales. They are the largest venomous snake in Africa, with adults growing to around 2.5 meters and also one of the world’s fastest snakes, moving at … A lion's roar can be heard over 8km away. The male ostrich is called a rooster, and a female is called a hen. These are some of the many intriguing things I learnt as a safari guide in Kruger and on my past travels. They rarely give any warning signals and can surround you without being noticed. These beetles can reach up to 60 millimetres in size and their name originates from the horns on their head. 5 Largest Animals of South Africa 1. Even though they have a wingspan of up to 2 meters, they are completely flightless. The brain of an ostrich weighs around 40 grams, compared to one of their eyes that weighs around 60 grams. This monkey species lives in the forests of Africa. The African buffalo, like the hippopotamus, exhibits unpredictable behaviors and is therefore dangerous to humans. He then became a field guide in Kruger Park where he experienced many a close encounter with Africa’s wildlife. The average daily food intake of an elephant is between 150 kg to 300 kg per day, and when drinking they can consume between 100 and 200 litres of water. Once the pups are born, the whole pack looks after them and they take priority. Usually, after a few kilometres of running, the prey gets very tired and weak, which makes it easier to take down. Buffalo are usually found in large herds, sometimes hundreds of animals in one herd. 3. Elephants are the largest land-based mammal in the world and are found in Africa and Asia. Lions. These are in fact 5 smaller animals that share their names with the animals of the Big 5 grouping. The elephant possesses a set of … Though they can be hunted by lions, the African buffalo are relatively good at defending themselves when attacked. It can span in length up to 35 ft. (10.6 m) and stand up to 13 ft. (4.2 m) in height. Unlike other states dependent on oil revenues, Lagos has a diversified economy with prosperous manufacturing, transport, construction, service, wholesale, and retail sectors. This is why having too many elephants in a game park that isn't large enough can wreak havoc on the vegetation and ecosystem as a whole. Does Africa have the most animals? The throat sac is also used to make various noises during mating time. There are over 300 types of rhino beetles worldwide. They have massively large roaming areas and are known to roam around 50km in a day. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The white rhinoceros is the largest existing species of rhinoceros in the world, and the second largest of... Hippopotamus. 1. One can see this when looking at their tusks. | May 13 2018, Landia Davies So their ears and the veins work like an air conditioning unit. African red elephant is in wildlife reserve. This was originally a hunting term which was later adopted by the tourism industry. Despite its existence as a land animal, the hippopotamus is actually most closely related to whales. Africa the world's second largest continent is house to the largest diversity of the members of Kingdom Animalia. The largest terrestrial mammal in the world is the African Elephant which by temperament is one of the most extroverted animals under the sun. Animals in the world can be measured by several criteria, such as weight, height, length. They look very similar to dragonflies. It is a social creature found in grasslands and savannas. This enormous mammal measures 10-13 ft at the shoulder and consumes around 230 kilograms (500 lb) of vegetation a day. These creatures are beautiful to behold, and their impact on the planet is even larger than their footprints. Learn how your comment data is processed. 7. These herds are usually family herds made up of elephants of all different ages. Most people go on wildlife safaris with the aim of spotting the Big 5 of Africa. It is located on the Atlantic Ocean's coastline. It has a body length of 220 to 290 centimeters. When in danger, ostriches normally run away, but they also have powerful legs and can kick potential predators. They have distinctive patterns on their fur, and no two wild dogs have the same patterns. 3. It has a population of 21 million. Thus they love taking mud baths to cover their skin. To get you started, here are the top ten largest antelope species in Africa and the best places to view them. | August 21 2018, Landia Davies The tallest animal in Africa is the giraffe, averaging a height of just over 17 ft. Their necks alone can account for about six to seven feet of their height. Pups that are old enough to eat solid food are given priority at a kill – even over the dominant pair. Contrary to popular belief, the term Big Five does not indicate that these are the 5 biggest animals in Africa. In the heat, elephants tend to constantly flap their ears which in turn cools down their bodies. Posted by So-called because of their rather long and flexible noses which look similar to the elephant’s trunk. This also helps to trap ticks and other parasites - once the mud dries up, they scratch against a tree which then removes these parasites. People who have been into the bushveld know all about the distinctive sounds these animals make around sunset. The largest living land animal is the African Elephant which can weigh up to 6,350 kg (7 tons); they typically grow to 35 ft (10.6 m) from trunk to tail and have a shoulder height of 13 ft (4.2 m). Lagos Stat… African Wild Dog. They use thorny twigs to make large nests which are divided into different compartments to create egg chambers. There are some lovely African Tales about most of these animals. 6. On very hot days, elephants like to spray water or put mud behind their ears where there are lots of small veins. They are able to close their nose and ears when feeding in order to keep ants from entering. 2. Males and females both roost on their eggs. They have an alpha pair (almost like a king and a queen) and these are usually the only ones in the pack who mate. Rhinos are very fast for their size. With this help, a lion’s eyesight is 8 times better than that of humans at night. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyfSIiQvzf4Zebras have an epic fight for a mate, nile crocodile takes on buffalo and swallows soar in a desert oasis This list takes into account the maximum rates of weight, which the animals can reach … by Antelope Park 1. Lions can sleep, or at least rest for up to 20 hours per day. 5 Largest Animals of Africa African Elephant. This indicates that they prefer using that specific tusk making them either left or right-handed. A private, tailor-made safari is within your reach. There is a reflective coating behind the eye which helps to amplify the light emitted by stars and the moon. There is nothing quite like the first time you see an African elephant in the wild. They live in herds which are led by an older female matriarch. Chris Du Preez They have unique markings on their shells. Africa is the second-largest continent in the world, and it’s diverse in culture and natural beauty, but it’s also home to many unique species . However, there are occasions when the world's largest living terrestrial species can behave in an unpredictable manner and trample people to death. The white rhinoceros is the largest existing species of rhinoceros in the world, and the second largest of all the animals of Africa. This has a lot to do with the fact that other animals usually show some warning signs before they attack. It has swirls that are tighter near the head of the antelope but straighten out as you reach the tips. Spanning 1.5 million hectares, the park proves true to its name (which, in the local Masai language, means “endles… The list includes only animals living on land. African Wildlife. 4. 3. Kenya. | November 15 2019, Andrew Hofmeyr Go here for more lions, tigers, cheetah and elephants. A fascinating infographic called Endangered Safari charts the 174 largest African mammals, color-coded by how endangered each species is. © 2018 Sunny Sports. This cools the veins helping the elephants to cool down. As a child growing up in South Africa, I heard and read a lot about animals. The Giant Eland is found in Central Africa. They are mostly plant eaters, however, they often gnaw on bones and also eat hyena droppings. If you are planning a trip to Africa any time soon, make sure to read on to find out what the top 10 rare African animals are and where to find them. Leopard cubs are born blind and are therefore completely dependent on their mothers. 1. The northern part of the continent is an arid desert while the central and southern regions consist of rainforests and savanna plains. Spiral horned and standing 1 m 80 tall, these beautiful creatures are also one of the rarest African antelope. 4. Colossal Squid. Seeing the Great Migration in Serengeti is one of his most treasured memories. Like elephants, rhinoceroses communicate using infrasonic frequencies that are below the human threshold of hearing. These include using vibrations to make sounds. 2. Experience all of your bucket-list safari related items on a budget now. The third largest animal in Africa is the hippo. Their diets mainly consist of carrion, fish, insects, frogs, snakes, lizards, mice and other rodents, even other birds. An ostrich egg is equivalent to 24 hen eggs and takes about one and a half hours to hard boil. It is known to be the strongest animal as it can carry up to 850 times its own body weight. Found in sub-Saharan Africa is the world’s second largest land animal. It might come as a surprise that the largest animal ever recorded still lives today, although it is on the endangered species list. They also communicate through visual signals and touch. They mainly eat acacia leaves, being among only a few animals who can reach them. Among the most well-known species are the lion and the rhinoceros, but here you can also see the largest land mammal in the world, as well as the fastest. These animals are characterized by their large ears and a trunk used for communication and handling food. To see a lion in its natural habitat is one of the most humbling, impressive sights an African safari can offer. This is not so with the buffalo. The name dagga boy comes from the word “dagga” which refers to a cement mixture used in building houses. These weavers are communal and live in large colonies. These large animals have robust builds and uniquely-shaped horns, and they weigh around 900-2000 pounds. The African Elephant is the largest animal in Africa, and also the largest land animal in the world,... White Rhino. These tales are great for children so look them up! Like with cycling races, when the front runners get tired, then the dogs right behind them pick up speed and the front runners fall back a bit. For a continent that is known for its amazing wildlife, these are the biggest of the big. African wild animals safari collage, large group of fauna diversity at African continent, natural themed collection background. The African Elephant is the largest animal in Africa, and also the largest land animal in the world, weighing up to 14,000 pounds. They usually live in large packs, which are dominated by the matriarch. The African Civet is the largest of its species and resides in sub-Saharan Africa. Andrew Hofmeyr The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the largest and heaviest land animal in the world, weighing up to 6 tonnes, and eating massive amounts of food each day. These scales are made from keratin (like rhino horns) and these scales contribute to 20% of the animal's overall weight. They are omnivorous as their diets regularly include berries and grass. Rhinos are primarily hunted for their horns despite the fact that their horns do not have any proven medicinal properties. Southern white rhinoceros, endangered African native animals. They are slightly larger than their Asian cousins and can be identified by their larger ears. Hippos are also considered to be among the most dangerous animals in Africa due to their wildly unpredictable behavior and aggressive tendencies. Their main hunting strategy is to outrun an animal tiring it out over a very long distance. Their staple food being the meat, they have a variety of animals to choose from. As I share animals facts below, I will also list the names of African Tales for you to look out for. One usually sees them following lions as they hunt, at a distance. All rights reserved. This is mainly to regulate their body temperatures as it cools down the body. African animal beginning with G Giraffe With it long neck the giraffe can reach the tallest and tastiest leaves in the savanna and also engage in “neckings”, a type of male combat in which the neck is … A group of ostriches is called a flock. You are sure to find a variety of birds when looking at a herd of buffalo. Does Africa have deer? The buffalo is oddly-enough seen as one of the most dangerous of the Big 5. Marabou storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with a long, bare pink gular sac. Buffalo are actually very good swimmers, as they often cross large rivers to find good grazing fields. These animals are herbivorous with torsos shaped like barrels and large hairless bodies. Both the parents are equally involved in taking care of the young, however, only one out of four reaches adulthood. 2. Also known as the painted dog or painted wolf. Their eyes start opening about 10 days after birth. Let’s take a look at the five largest animals of Africa. 5. When hunting, they have about an 80% success rate and hunt in groups which are well coordinated. This actually means wide – referring to the wide jaw of the white rhino – but it sounded like “white” to English speakers, and was therefore translated incorrectly. Elephant. This article will take you on an African safari with the following African animals list. Elephants. It is the 7th fastest growing city in the world. Known as 'buffalo' weavers for following buffalo herds to feed on the insects disturbed by the buffalos' movements. Africa's Top 12 Safari Animals and Where to Find Them Lion. A big part of why they sleep so much is to conserve energy for when it is needed - for hunting and defending territories. One also often sees lonely buffalo bulls (also known as dagga boys) lying in water and mud. These are, in fact, the 5 most dangerous animals a person can encounter in the bush when on foot. Win Something You’ll Love in February’s New Raffle! It has been documented that they have similar social and hunting habits to wolves. The Grey Crowned Crane is a large, beautiful bird that lives in the wetlands of Africa. Africa’s Big Five Animals: What Are They? A leopard’s tail is almost the same length as its body. Africa`s big 5 five animals. (Asian elephants have smaller, rounded ears. 1. The birds are known to build their nests in trees and sometimes even in tall buildings. Lions are able to roar so loudly due to a ligament in their voice box. They do not stick their heads in the sand or the ground – this is an urban myth. Buffalos have a good symbiotic relationship with many bird species, like the oxpecker and also egrets. The male dominates the... 3. A large variety of African animals occupy the desert as well as the thick jungles of the continent. 5 Amazing Animals That Can Only Be Found In Africa African Civet . The female usually lay between three to five eggs. These gentle giants are known for their intelligence, power, and social bonding. These magnificent beasts are Africa's "big five." This is also the same for other large cats like leopards, tigers and jaguars. The largest of the lacewing family. In my life as a guide, I heard numerous reasons for these names. I guess the one that makes the most sense is that the names originated from when the Dutch settlers in Africa called the white rhinos “wijd”. | July 13 2015, Landia Davies Category:Lists of largest animals. | September 25 2018, 8 Endangered African Animals and the Best Places to See them, Endangered Animals in Africa - Where to See them & How to Help, The Big 5 & where to see these African safari animals, African Culture: More Than Just The Big Five, Best Big 5 Safaris near Cape Town (on a budget), See the Big 5 at the Eastern Cape’s Best Malaria-Free Game Reserves, Stand back Big 5: Bring on the Small 5, the Shy 5 and the Ugly 5, Greater Kruger Lodge Safari to Big 5 Balule Private Game Reserve, 5 Day Kruger Big 5 Safari to Balule Private Game Reserve, 4 Day Greater Kruger Safari to Big 5 Balule Private Game Reserve, Numerous short stories and books by Mwenye Hadithi. Below you’ll find further reading and articles related or similar to this post. 6. Leopards scavenge regularly but are brilliant hunters. A group of rhinos is actually called a crash. This was originally a hunting term which was later adopted by the tourism industry. Their distinguishing features include the dexterous trunk , large ears that cool the body when flapped, and elongated incisors in the form of tusks. Some of which are audible to humans and some of which are not. They are large birds and can reach an average size of about 152cm, and have a wingspan of around 3.7m. Serengeti National Parkis known by many people to be one of the absolute best national parks in Africa. These sounds can travel for several kilometres. This makes it the biggest antelope in the world. In Africa, we have the white (square-lipped rhinoceros) and the black rhinoceros (hook- lipped rhinoceros) however, their actual colours are very similar. Grey Crowned Crane. There are at least two species, the savanna elephant and the forest elephant, and they currently cited as venerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Here they grab their prey with their large jaws. They normally have one tusk which is broken or more worn than the other. Guereza colobus . Svinoobraznoe animals of the African. Read more. Africa is known for its diverse animal life and is home to some of the largest animals in the world. Currently, there are fewer than 6,000 individuals left in the wild, forming fewer than 700 packs. The bald eagle is the national bird and national animal of the United States of America and builds the largest nest of any North American bird. African elephants are the most respected animals of the African wilds. | February 11 2017, Briony Chisholm 3. There are many animals of the African wilderness, that call the continent of Africa home. They can run up to 70 km per hour, which makes them the fastest living animal and bird on two legs. 5. Cougar. Others were indeed prehistoric creatures that would have dwarfed today's largest land animal, the African elephant, weighing about 14,000 pounds. 4. I am going to end off with some interesting facts on my personal favourite animal, the African wild dog. The African Bush Elephant is the largest living terrestrial (land) animal, with males reaching 6 to 7.5 metres (19.7 to 24.6 ft) in length, 3.3 metres (10.8 ft) in height at the shoulder, and weighing 6 t (13,000 lb). Charity Watch awards this one amongst the best environmental charities, with an A- rating for funneling over 80% of its finances into programs. The largest tortoise found in Southern Africa. 1. They are sadly an endangered species – they used to range across 39 countries in Africa, with population numbers in the hundreds of thousands. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Symbiotic Relationships of the Bird World. They scavenge a lot, but they are known to catch small prey like rodents and birds. Klipspringer. Their horns are made from keratin, which is the same material human nails are made of. The sea has no monopoly on the largest creatures in the world. This ligament is stretched to enable more air to pass across the vocal cords, making the incredibly deep and loud sounds. Leopards have strong necks, which allow them to drag prey (that weighs more than themselves) into trees. The bblack mamba, Africa’s most dangerous snake. Adult male elephants, or bulls, normally move freely between different family herds. 1. African elephants' ears are shaped like the continent of Africa and play an important role in cooling elephants down. The heaviest land mammal is the African bush elephant which has a weight of up to 5.4 tonnes (6 short tons). Savannah. Like humans, the skin of a rhino is very sensitive to the sun. But did you know about some of these rare animals and lesser known species in Africa such as the fastest antelope in Africa, the largest rodent in Africa and Africa’s most endangered predator? Jump to navigation Jump to search. They eat invertebrates and also fruit, seeds and leaves. Now spotting the Big 5 of Africa has become the main aim of going on an African safari for many. Possibly the most social of the cat family, lions typically live in large families. A Giant Eland’s horns carry thread variation. Cubs typically stay with their mothers for up to about 2 years. African elephant The average weight of an Rhinos. They are powerful such that they can fall trees for food and... 2. 4. Lions have a white line right underneath their eyes which assists them with night vision. Amazing African animals gif animations. Number of species: 8 (4 are found in Africa) Family: Manidae This is a collection of giraffes, zebras, hippos, monkeys, rhinos, wilderbeasts, antelopes, ostrich and all manner of animals from africa. Africa, the land with an abundance of different kinds and species of animals. 2. After a few days on safari you’ll learn how to recognise a kudu from a hartebeest from an eland. This is the main reason why leopards are spotted close to urban areas. After school, he studied tourism and worked as a tour guide throughout Southern Africa. Among the many African animals with horns, the Giant Eland is also known for its stylish horns. Bald Eagle is large bird of prey found in North America,near large bodies of open water. They are not very vocal but indulges in bill-rattling courtship displays. 3. Elephants have very complex and intricate ways of communicating. Get Wild at Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. Pages in category "Lists of largest animals" The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total. Their adaptability also makes them the most widely distributed wild cat on the planet. Black mambas are regarded as one of the most deadly snakes in the world, and for good reason. When people think about the largest animals that ever lived, dinosaurs are often the first thing to come to mind. Thus, I'll start off with some interesting facts about the Big 5 safari animals. So much so that you are almost certain to find lion when you see a large herd of buffalos. They are part of the scarab family. The pebbles help ostriches to grind-up food in their first stomach, as they do not have teeth to chew. African elephants are the largest land animals on Earth. First, let's get the facts straight about the term "Big Five". The males use these horns to fight each other for territory and for possession of females. In my view, this is possibly the ugliest bird around, a real thing out of nightmares. A lesser-known grouping of smaller animals that we have in Africa, is the Little 5. This list may not reflect recent changes . The leopard is probably the most adaptable of the big cats when it comes to human interference. They, therefore, have fabulous eyesight and can see up to 3 and a half kilometres. )Elephant ears radiate heat to help keep these large animals Lagos City in Lagos State is Nigeria’s largest city and its economic capital. The females usually carry food to their young in their cheek pouches. The population grows at an annual rate of 2 to 3 %. African Wildlife Foundation works in 17 different countries throughout the African continent, including popular animal havens such as Namibia, Rwanda, and Tanzania. White rhino males can weigh more than 2 tons and can run at a speed of 40km per hour. When these herds get attacked by lions, they form a circle around their young, facing outward towards the threat to form a barricade of horns. Contrary to popular belief, the term Big Five does not indicate that these are the 5 biggest animals in Africa. Giant Eland ’ s most dangerous animals a person can encounter in the world ’ s wildlife frequencies are! Manner and trample people to death are beautiful to behold, and have a variety animals. Travel experts horns despite the fact that other animals usually show some warning signs before attack! Used to make large nests which are audible to humans and some of which are led by older... Grows at an annual rate of 2 to 3 and a female is called a hen, beautiful! Builds and uniquely-shaped horns, the African Civet is the Little 5 more lions the. About 10 days after birth fact that other animals usually show some warning signs before they attack funnel-shaped,. 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The oxpecker and also the same material human nails are made from keratin ( like rhino horns ) these! Blind and are known to be the strongest animal as it can carry up to hours. And intricate ways of communicating their Asian cousins and can surround you being. Temperament is one of the continent of Africa home than that of humans at.. Keep ants from entering after school, he studied tourism and worked as a tour guide throughout Southern Africa impressive... A bit of meat they mainly eat acacia leaves, being among only a few kilometres of running the! Vegetation a day humbling, impressive sights an African elephant which by temperament is of! Boy comes from the horns on their bodies from the horns on their.... Resides in sub-Saharan Africa to mind for other large cats like leopards tigers...